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A breakup doesn’t have to leave you broken

Research shows 41% of people find that breakups are a positive experience overall.

Ending a relationship hurts, but it’s also an opportunity for growth.

Every relationship starts the same way. Full of hope. 

Early on, both parties are on their very best behavior and the relationship seems perfect. It even seems like nothing can go wrong. However, not every relationship lasts forever.  

Video Short Link: Science of Heartbreak Growth: Personal Development and Social Connections #shorts

We don’t like endings, we don’t like to lose things. Especially important things like our relationship. As I explain in my TED talk

Make no mistake, relationships are the single most important thing to you in your life. It’s the source of all of your best memories, it’s the source of all of your worst memories. When you think back on your life when you’re 95 or 100 years old and you look back over the course of your lifetime, you’re not going to think: “‘I wish I owned a better phone’, ‘I wish I spent more time on the Internet’, I wish I spent more time at work or sleeping’”. It’s going to be any of those kinds of things. It’s going to be: ‘I wish I spent more time with the people I loved’, because our relationships they build us, they define us, they sustain us and they can break us too.”

Despite breakups being one of life’s most difficult experiences, we expect the fallout to be a lot worse than it really is. Even when people felt their partner was the “wind beneath their wings” and a big part of their success, people still made progress toward their goals post breakup

Breakups are bad, they’re just not as awful and devastating as we think.

Like many life experiences, breakups involve a mixture of negative and positive elements. Finding the heartache and pain is easy, to move forward however, we need to focus more on the positives. 

Nearly everyone experiences a breakup at some point in their lives. It hurt, but we found our way through. Not only that, we learned things along the way: Who not to date, how to handle conflict, and how to identify warning signs of toxicity. Importantly, we also learn how to move on. As Ralph Waldo Emerson said, “Our greatest glory is not in never failing but in rising up every time we fail.”

Sometimes though, breakups are addition  by subtraction. When some relationships end, it feels like being paroled. You no longer have someone asking where you’re going, who you’re talking to, caring about how you look or act, or otherwise dragging you down with nagging and negativity. 

Without your former partner, you feel freer. Even then, there are still some negative feelings (e.g., regret), but overall some breakups are worthy of celebration. 

Celebration-worthy breakups

Obviously, it’s not always this easy. However, by recognizing that those ‘celebration-worthy’ breakups exist, it suggests a path forward. Here’s some data to help. When I asked participants, who had their long-term relationship end in the past 3 months, about their breakup experience, 33% (basically 1 in 3) said it was negative overall . However, even though participants hadn’t found a new relationship, 41% (roughly 4 in 10) said the breakup was positive overall. 

After 3 months of a breakup, 41% of people say that breakups had a positive impact on them

Why? What’s the secret of the 41% who were more positive? 

Relationships should help you to grow. Your partner should help you be a better person. Often when relationships falter, that nurturing improvement isn’t happening. In other words, the relationship is impoverished and lacking sufficient self-expansion. When your partner doesn’t help build you up, they’re essentially holding you back from being the person you could be. 

By ending the relationship, you now have the opportunity to thrive. The research backs this up. When people get out of relationships with insufficient self-expansion they report a range of positive emotions, they’re relieved, they’re calmed, they’re energized, confident, strong, and happy. They also report less loss of self, more positive growth, and more rediscovery of the self. In other words, they are recapturing the person they were before the relationship, rekindling their interests, and refocusing on themselves. 

(For more about how to use rediscovery to cope with breakup, check out the TED talk).

When your relationship doesn’t help you become a better person, ending it does. It’s counterintuitive, and not how we typically think about breakups. It may therefore take a while to realize this, and it may be difficult, but many breakups are for the better.  

What about those who lost a really great relationship that helped them grow, are they doomed? Not at all. It will likely be a tougher experience, but there are still positives. Remember, “Great relationships seldom fail, but bad ones do. As they should.” In other words, the relationship may not have been everything you thought it was. At least not to both of you. Relationships are better when both partners are committed and satisfied. That previous relationship may have been ‘good enough’, but ending it allows you to find an even better relationship.  

Rethinking the breakup

Relationships are important. Time is short. Mistakes are costly. Your relationships should be the best part of your life. Hopefully you have found a partner who builds you up and sustains you. If you haven’t found that, ask yourself: what is one hour, one day, one week, one month, one lifetime of your happiness worth? Time to get moving.

Relationships end because they are broken. That process is painful. But it doesn’t mean you have to be broken forever. The Japanese have an art form called Kintsugi that takes broken pottery and puts it back together with platinum, silver, or gold.

Kintsugi

The result is even more beautiful than the original piece. But it’s much more than an art form, it’s a philosophy that views negative experiences as an opportunity to emerge even better off.  

This applies to our relationships as well. Sure, they can leave us with a broken heart. But those cracks are themselves a source of strength and beauty. Breakups don’t have to leave you broken, because you’re stronger than you think.

Dr. Gary W. Lewandowski Jr. is an award-winning teacher, researcher, writer, and relationship expert. He is a Professor at Monmouth University and author of Stronger Than You Think. His work has been featured by the Washington Post, IFLScience.com, Daily Mail, Business Insider, Salon, The New Republic, Time, the New York Times, The Atlantic, VICE, CNN, and NPR. His TEDx talk, “Break-ups Don’t Have to Leave You Broken” has been viewed over 2 million times, while his relationship articles, including his Psychology of Relationships blog on Psychology Today have been enjoyed by over 5 million readers.