How Society, Money, and the Environment Fit Together in Energy Transition?
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Supercharging energy transitions through people, pockets and the planet

Can we continue sustaining energy transition by adopting key political and social initiatives?

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Sustainability and energy transition are inherently intertwined, addressing the urgent need for a more balanced and ecologically mindful approach to energy production and consumption. As depicted in Figure 1, these initiatives are spurred by an array of social, economic, and environmental considerations that, in concert, shape the progression towards a sustainable energy future.

On the social front, the ramifications of energy transition encapsulate enhanced public health, broader access to energy, and the encouragement of equity within communities. From an economic perspective, the shift towards sustainable energy creates employment opportunities, curtails long-term energy expenditure, and stimulates innovation and competitiveness. In environmental terms, the transition to renewable energy sources and sustainable practices results in decreased carbon emissions, conservation of resources, and improved air and water quality.

By comprehending the profound influence of these interlinked elements, policymakers, enterprises, and communities can collaborate to expedite the transition towards sustainable energy systems. This fosters social well-being, economic prosperity, and environmental stewardship.     

Convergence of social, economic and environmental factors
Figure 1. Convergence of social, economic and environmental factors
Credit Source: Author

Global economy impacted by sustainability and energy transition

The transition to sustainable energy, particularly the adoption of renewable sources, harbours the potential to generate a considerable number of novel employment opportunities. Industries revolving around renewable energy, including solar, wind, and hydropower, necessitate a dedicated workforce for the conception, installation, operation, and upkeep of renewable energy infrastructure. This precipitates a surge in job opportunities across multiple sectors, such as engineering, construction, manufacturing, as well as research and development. The expansion of these industries has the potential to catalyze economic activity, diminish unemployment rates, and contribute positively to both local and national economic growth.

The transition to sustainable energy can potentially pave the way for substantial long-term reductions in the costs associated with energy production and consumption. Significant advancements in renewable energy technologies in recent years have precipitated a corresponding decline in costs. As the prices of renewable energy sources continue on this downward trajectory, they increasingly challenge traditional fossil fuel-based energy sources in terms of competitiveness. This can translate into lower energy prices for consumers, encompassing both households and businesses, thus mitigating their energy expenditures and freeing up disposable income for alternate uses. Moreover, energy efficiency initiatives such as building retrofits and implementing smart grids can aid in curtailing energy consumption, thereby contributing further to cost reduction. 

The transition towards sustainable energy stimulates innovation and the emergence of cutting-edge technologies. Investment in research and development within the renewable energy realm fuels technological breakthroughs, engendering more efficient and cost-effective solutions. This wave of innovation benefits the energy sector and percolates into other industries, propelling economic growth and boosting overall competitiveness. 

Countries and corporations championing the energy transition and investing in clean technologies can establish themselves as frontrunners in the global energy market. By doing so, they become attractive prospects for investment, create potential export opportunities and acquire a competitive edge by leading the charge in the clean energy revolution. 

However, it is worth noting that the specific economic consequences may diverge based on the policies, strategies, and local context unique to each country or region undergoing the energy transition. 

Social Influence of sustainability and energy transition

Transitioning to cleaner, renewable energy sources curtail air and water pollution, enhancing public health outcomes. By diminishing reliance on fossil fuels – significant contributors to air pollution and climate change – the energy transition assists in mitigating respiratory and cardiovascular conditions and decreasing premature fatalities linked with pollution-induced ailments.     

The objectives of energy transition and sustainability initiatives include ensuring access to affordable and reliable energy for all. By endorsing decentralized renewable energy systems, such as solar panels and mini-grids, the energy transition can deliver electricity to remote and under-served communities, thereby alleviating energy poverty and enhancing the quality of life. Access to energy cultivates economic opportunities, and bolsters education, healthcare, and communication, thereby nurturing social development.     

Sustainability and energy transition occupy a vital role in addressing climate change and constructing climate resilience. By curtailing greenhouse gas emissions, the shift to sustainable energy sources aids in mitigating the impacts of climate change, including extreme weather events and rising sea levels. Moreover, sustainability initiatives place equity at their core, striving to ensure that the benefits of clean energy and environmental protection extend to all communities, with a particular focus on vulnerable and marginalized groups, thereby preventing the exacerbation of social inequalities. 

These impacts, however, may vary according to the specific strategies and approaches employed in each context, as well as the degree of community engagement and participation. 

Advancing environmental sustainability and energy transition

Renewable energy sources aim to decrease dependency on fossil fuels, which results in considerable reductions in greenhouse gas emissions. Carbon dioxide and other harmful emissions are significantly reduced by shifting towards renewable energy sources like solar, wind, and hydropower. This contributes to climate change mitigation and minimizes the environmental impact associated with energy production.     

Sustainability initiatives also highlight the efficient utilization of resources and advocate for preserving natural ecosystems. By concentrating on energy efficiency and promoting renewable energy sources, the energy transition assists in reducing the extraction and consumption of finite resources, including coal, oil, and natural gas. This aids in conserving natural habitats, safeguarding biodiversity, and minimizing the environmental degradation affiliated with resource extraction.     

The shift to cleaner energy sources results in improved air and water quality. Renewable energy technologies emit far fewer air pollutants than fossil fuel combustion, leading to diminished smog, acid rain, and other forms of air pollution. Likewise, sustainable energy practices frequently incorporate conscientious water management, lessening water pollution and minimizing the impact on aquatic ecosystems. 

However, it’s crucial to note that specific environmental outcomes may vary depending on the magnitude and character of the energy transition efforts and the local environmental context.          

Roadblocks to Sustainability and Energy Transition:

  • Policy and Regulatory Challenges: Outdated policies and inadequate regulations hinder the rapid deployment of renewable energy technologies and sustainable practices.
  • Infrastructure and Investment Requirements: Substantial upfront capital investment and limited access to funding impede the development and deployment of renewable energy projects.
  • Technological and Market Challenges: Advanced technologies, reliable energy storage systems, and a competitive market environment are essential for integrating renewable energy sources effectively.
  • Public Awareness and Acceptance: A lack of understanding, resistance, and scepticism about renewable energy hinders successful implementation. Educating the public and engaging stakeholders is therefore crucial.
  • Global Cooperation and Political Will: Achieving widespread transition requires international collaboration and political commitment to address climate change and drive ambitious targets.

Addressing these roadblocks requires collaborative efforts to drive changes in policies, infrastructure, technology, and public perception. This will enable a smooth and successful transition to sustainable and clean energy sources.

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Journal reference

Correia, A. G., Winter, M. G., & Puppala, A. J. (2016). A review of sustainable approaches in transport infrastructure geotechnics. Transportation Geotechnics7, 21-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trgeo.2016.03.003

Mr. Rajini K R Karduri is a Texas licensed professional engineer and a certified project management professional with expertise in engineering, project management, and business. Mr. Karduri holds a Bachelor's degree from JNTU Hyderabad, a PGDACM from NICMAR Hyderabad, and an MS in Civil Engineering from UT Arlington, Texas. He serves as a senior project engineer and sustainability champion at Worley Group Inc. in the Energy and Resources industry. He has research interests in producing value-added products, sustainable energy transition, and integration of energy transition into business models.